Prof. K.T.S. Sarao
     

              

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Education

Examination Year %age Grade University Subjects Special
 Master of
 Arts
1979 73.8% "A"  Delhi  History (specialization: East
 Asia
and Ancient
 Indian History & Religions
)
 First in the  University
 Master of  Philosophy 1981 "A" "A"  Delhi  Chinese & Japanese Studies  First in the  University
 Post Graduate  Diploma 1984 80% "O"  Delhi  Pali Language & Literature  First in the  University
 Doctor of  Philosophy 1985 - -  Delhi  Origins of Buddhism  Supervisor:
 Dr Sudha Sengupta
 Doctor of  Philosophy 1988 - -  Cambridge  Urban Centres and
 Urbanization as Reflected in the
 Pali Vinaya & Sutta Pitakas
 Supervisor:
 Dr F.R. Allchin
 Doctor of  Letters (honoris causa) 2011 - -  Preah Sihanouk  Raja Buddhist  University,  Phnom Penh    

 

Education


  • University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
  •  
           Doctor of Philosophy: Urban Centres and Urbanisation as Reflected in the Pali Vinaya and Sutta
           Pitakas (1988)
           Diploma: FORTRAN 77 (1985)


  • University of Delhi, Delhi, India
  •  
           Doctor of Philosophy: Origins of Buddhism: Literary and Archaeological Background (1985)
           Master of Philosophy: Chinese and Japanese Studies (1981). First Class First in the University
           ("A" grade)
           Master of Arts: History (Specialization: East Asia and Ancient India). First Class First in the
           University (73.8 %)
           Bachelor of Arts: Honours in History with Economics
           Post-Graduate Diploma: Pali Language and Literature (1984). First Class First in the
           University (80.0%)


    Fields of Specialization and Research Interests


    Indian Buddhism; Indology; Engaged Buddhism; Ancient South Asian Archaeology, History &     Civilization; PÈli Language and Literature; Ancient Indian Epigraphy; Ancient Indian Topography.

    Research Guidance


    34 PhD theses and 42 M.Phil. dissertations have been successfully completed under my supervision.

    Academic Appointments

      
  •  Professor,
  • Department of Buddhist Studies, Delhi University, India (April 1996 - till date).   
  •  Chair, Buddhist and Sanskrit Studies,
  • Preah Sihanouk Raja Buddhist University, Phnom Penh,       Cambodia (08 October 2010- 07 April 2011).   
  •  Visiting Faculty,
  • Indian Institute of Tourism and Travel Management (New Delhi and Gwalior),       Government of India (July 2008-December 2009).   
  •  Visiting Professor,
  • Maison des Sciences de L’Homme, Paris, France (2-31 August 2009).    
  •  Visiting Fellow,
  • Visvabharati, Santiniketan, India (1-14 March 2008).    
  •  Annual Visiting Professor,
  • Dongguk University, Seoul, S. Korea (2005).    
  •  Visiting Professor,
  • Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies, Fagu Shan University, Taiwan, RoC       (October 2002 - July 2005).    
  •  Visiting Professor,
  • Maison des Sciences de L’Homme, Paris, France (April - June 2001).    
  •  Visiting Fellow,
  • St Edmund's College, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (August 1999 -       January 2000).    
  •  Departmental Research Reader,
  • Department of Religious Studies, University of Toronto, Canada       (May 1997 - November 1997).    
  •  Visiting Fellow, PÈli College, Singapore (April 1994 - June 1994).
  •    
  •  Reader, Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi, India (February 1993 - April 1996).
  •    
  •  Senior Lecturer, Department of History, KM College, University of Delhi, India (July 1989 -       February 1993).
  •   
  •  Visiting Fellow, Department of Religious Studies, the University of Sydney, NSW,Australia,       (January 1989 - June 1989).
  •    
  •  Visiting Post-Doctoral Fellow, Institut Fñr Indologie, Universität Wien, Austria (October 1988 -       December 1988).
  •    
  •  Visiting Fellow, Department of Religious Studies, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada       (September 1988 - August 1989).
  •    
  •  Lecturer, Department of History, KM College, University of Delhi,India (July 1981 - June 1989).
  •    
  •  Lecturer, Department of History, Bhagat Singh (Eve) College, University of Delhi, India (July 1980       - April 1981).
  •    
  •  Junior Research Fellow (UGC), Department of Chinese & Japanese Studies, University of Delhi,       India (July 1979 - June 1980).
  •  

    Professional Affiliations

      
  •  Life member, Indian History Congress (since 1981).
  •   
  •  Fellow, Royal Asiatic Society, London (1985-till date).
  •   
  •  Life member, Cambridge Philosophical Society, Cambridge University (since 1985).
  •   
  •  Member, International Association of Buddhist Studies, Lausanne, Switzerland (1985-till date).
  •   
  •  Member, PÈli Text Society, Oxford (1985-1989, 2002-till date).
  •   
  •  Member, American Academy of Religions (1996-2000, 2010- till date).
  • Knowledge of Languages

      
  •  English: Excellent.
  •   
  •  Hindi: Excellent.
  •   
  •  Punjabi: Excellent.
  •   
  •  PÈli , Prakrit (and BrÈhmi script): Excellent.
  •   
  •  Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit: Can consult documents without any difficulty.
  •   
  •  Chinese: Rudimentary speaking, reading and writing.
  •   
  •  French: Rudimentary reading and speaking.
  •   
  •  German: Rudimentary reading and speaking.
  •   
  •  Computer: Extensive use of word processing, desk-top publishing, data base, statistics, mapping,
           graphics, and other software packages.

  •  

    International Experience

      
  •  Significant travel, research, and study in India, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Nepal, Thailand, Taiwan, China,       Bangladesh, Pakistan, Egypt, Canada, Singapore, the United Kingdom, Western Tibet, Cambodia,       and France.
  •   
  •  Travelled by land from England to India via Scandinavia, Russia, Mongolia, China, Tibet and Nepal       (1987).
  •   
  •  Organized and led student groups to Sri Lanka (1996), Nepal (1998), Sikkim (2000), Pakistan (2001,       2006), Bangladesh (2002), Bhutan (2004), Myanmar (2005), Adi-Kailash (2006), Andaman-Nicobar       Islands (2007), Tawang Monastery, Arunachal Pradesh (2008), Sirpur, Chhatisgarh (2009), and       Lhasa, Tibet (2010).
  •   
  •  Twice trekked back and forth from India to Tibet through the Himalayas and have thrice paid a visit       to Kailash and Manasarovar (2002, 2004, 2005).This trek is considered by experts as one of the most       difficult in the world.
  •   
  •  Extensive fieldwork in the countryside of Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, and Vietnam (2008, 2010-      2011).
  • Extra-Curricular  Activities as a College Student

      
  •  Attended All India NCC Summer Training Camp, Karalpura, Jammu & Kashmir(May 1975).   
  •  Captained Cross Country (1975-76), Athletics (1976-77), and Watrpolo & Swimming (1976-77)
          teams, Hans Raj College, University of Delhi.   
  •  Attended All India Combined NCC (National Cadet Corps) Camp, Cochin, Kerala (June 1976).   
  •  NCC Senior Under Officer, Delhi Directorate Contingent, Republic Day Camp (1976-77).   
  •  Best NSS Volunteer, Hans Raj College, University of Delhi (1976-77).   
  •  Member, Athletic Team, University of Delhi (1976-77).   
  •  Passed NCC 'C' certificate with 'A' grade (1977).

  • Major Fellowships, Grants, and Awards

      
  •  Major Research Grant, University Grants Commission, Government of India (February 2009-       January 2011).   
  •  Research Project on the Sino-Indian Cultural Exchange via the Silk Road, jointly financed by       the Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies, Jinshan, Taipei, RoC and Graduate School of Xi Yu       Culture, Ta Li Mu University, Taipei, RoC, June 2005 - December 2007.   
  •  Major Research Grant, University Grants Commission, Government of India (January 2005 -       December 2007).   
  •  Visiting Fellowship, St. Edmunds College, Cambridge University, United Kingdom (August 1999 -       January 2000).   
  •  Indo-Mongolian Academic Exchange Fellowship, University Grants Commission, Government of       India (1997).   
  •  The Leche Trust (London), research grant (1989).   
  •  The Charles Wallace India Trust (London) research grant (1988).   
  •  The Ancient India-Iran Trust (Cambridge) grant (1988).   
  •  The Smuts Memorial Trust Fund (Cambridge University, UK) grant (1988).   
  •  The Worts Travelling Scholars’ Fund (Cambridge University, UK) grant (1988).   
  •  Commonwealth Scholarship, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (1985-89).   
  •  Junior Research Fellowship, University Grants Commission, Government of India (July 1979 -       June 1980).   
  •  Gold Medal and Lala Ram Mohan Award for being the best MA student of the University of       Delhi (1977).   
  •  Prime Minister’s Cane of Honour on the occasion of the Republic Day for being the Best All India       NCC (National Cadet Corps) Cadet (1977).   
  •  National Merit Scholarship (Government of India) during pre-University (1973-74), BA (1974-77),       and MA (1977-79).

  • Academic Administration and  Management

      
  •  Member, Academic Council, University of Delhi (1976-77, 1993-96, 1999-2002, 2005-2007, 2010-       till date).   
  •  Staff Advisor, Students’ Union, KM College, University of Delhi (1983-85, 1989-90).   
  •  Warden, Hostel, KM College, University of Delhi (1983-84).   
  •  NCC Officer-in-Charge, KM College, University of Delhi (Captain with 1Delhi Armoured       Squadron: 1984-1993).   
  •  Staff Advisor, Debating Society, KM College, University of Delhi (1990-1993).   
  •  Head of the Department, Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi (1993-96, 1999-       2002, 2005-2007, 2010-till date).   
  •  Member, Court, University of Delhi (1993-till date).   
  •  Member, Board of Research Studies in Humanities, University of Delhi (1993-2008).   
  •  Coordinator, UGC Special Assistance Program, Department of Buddhist Studies, University of       Delhi (1993-1996, 1999-2002).   
  •  Member, Governing Body, Shyam Lal College, Delhi University (2000-04).   
  •  Government of India Nominee, Management Society, Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies       (Deemed University), Sarnath, Varanasi (2002-2006).   
  •  External Expert, Board of Studies in Religious Studies, Punjabi University, Patiala (2007-09).   
  •  Member, Governing Body, Kalindi College, University of Delhi(2009-10).   
  •  Member, Governing Body, Maharaja Agrasen College, University of Delhi (2010-2011).
  • National and International Conferences/Workshops Attended 

      
  •  International Conference on National Cultures and Buddhism, New Delhi, 12-14 October 1984.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Buddhism and Marxism on Liberty and Equality," at the National       Conference on Buddhism and Marxism, SampurnÈnanda Sanskrit University, Varanasi, 17-23       February 1985.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Meat-eating and Non-violence in Early Buddhism," at the 7th Conference       of the International Association of Buddhist Studies, Bologna, Italy, 08-13 July 1985.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Early Buddhist Attitude Towards Women," at the 32nd International       Congress of Asian and North African Studies, Hamburg, Germany, 31 August - 6 September,       1986.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Some Reflections on the Linkages between the Ga×gÈ Urbanization and       the Origins of Buddhism" at the  8th Conference of the International Association of Buddhist       Studies, Berkeley, USA, 08-11 August 1987.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Who and What Originated the Earliest Buddhism?" at the  7th World       Sanskrit Congress, Leiden, Holland, 25 August - 01 September 1987.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "¶cariyaparamparÈ and Date of the Buddha," at the  VIIIth World       Sanskrit Congress, Vienna, Austria, 27 August - 02 September 1990.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Indian Buddhism and its Ecological Perspective" at the  XXIIIrd       International Buddhist Conference, Indosan Nipponji, Bodhgaya, India, 08-09 December 1999.   
  •  Presented two papers entitled "Kurura——ha: the Ancient Kingdom of Delhi and its Role in the       Development of early Buddhism," and "¶cariyaparamparÈ and Date of the Buddha," at the  36th       International Congress of Asian and North African Studies, Montreal, Canada, 26 August - 02       September 2000.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Double Tragedy: A Reappraisal of the Decline of Buddhism in India"       at the Indo-Korean International Seminar on Buddhist Culture, organized by the Department of       Studies, University of Delhi (India) and Department of Buddhist Studies, Dongguk University, Seoul,       S. Korea, 04-05 December 2000.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Staying Windward and Washing Eyes with Perfumed Water: An       Examination of Upper Caste Attitude towards Ca‡ÇÈlas as Reflected in the PÈli Tipi—aka,"  at the       National Seminar on Buddhism and Social Ideals organized by the Department of PÈli & Buddhist       Studies, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 27-28 February 2001.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Buddhist Quest for Deep Ecology" at the  International Seminar on       Indo-Korean Cultural Exchange, jointly organized by the Indian Council of Philosophical Research       and Department of Buddhist Studies, Dongguk University, Seoul, S. Korea, at New Delhi, 17-19       December 2001.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Buddhism and Animal Rights" at the  The Role of Buddhism in the 21       Century, 4th Chung-Hwa International Conference on Buddhism, Taipei, RoC, 18-20 January       2002.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "On the Question of Peace and Harmony in the Post-Modern World: a       Buddhist Approach" at the 4th International Conference on Peace and Harmony in World       Religions, Guru Gobind Singh Department of Religious Studies, Punjabi University, Patiala, India,       29-31 January 2002.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "How and Why did Buddhism Decline in India?" at the  Symposium on       Indian Religions, Art and Culture, organized by National Museum of History, Taipei. 22-23       November 2002.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "How Relevant is Buddhism in the Post-Modern World?" at the  XXVIth       International Buddhist Conference, Indosan Nipponji, Bodhgaya, India, 08-09 December 2002.   
  •  Chaired a Session and presented a paper entitled "An Evaluation of the Buddhist Attitude Towards       Ecology" at the Sri Lanka-Korean International Seminar on Buddhist Culture, organized jointly by       the Department of PÈli and Buddhist Studies, Peradeniya University, Kandy, Sri Lanka, and the       Department of Buddhist Studies, Dongguk University, Seoul, S. Korea at Colombo, Sri Lanka, 02-05       February 2003.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "The Politics of Pilgrimage to Gang Rimpoche" at the Symposium on       Contemporary Tibetan Studies, organized by the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission,       Government of Republic of China, Taipei, Taiwan, 22-23 November 2003.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "KailÈsh-MÈnasarovar Pilgrimage: The Indian Route" at the Teachers’       Conference of the Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies, Jinshan, Taiwan, 13 November 2004.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Freedom and Human Rights in Tibet: A Pilgrim’s Impressions" at the       International Symposium on the Freedom, Human Rights and Democratic Transition of Tibetans in       Exile organized by the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission, Government of Republic of       China, Taipei, Taiwan, 30 November 2004.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Master Cheng Yen’s Tzu Chi and Its Engaged Buddhist Activities" at the       XIXth World Congress of the International Association for the History of Religions (IAHR 2005),       Tokyo, Japan, 23-30 March 2005.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Pilgrimage to Gang Rimpoche: History of the Indian Connection" at the       14th Conference of the International Association of Buddhist Studies, London, UK, 29 August - 03       September 2005.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Ecological Degradation and Buddhavacana" at the World Buddhist       Academic Colloquium organized by Dharma Drum Mountain Foundation, Taipei, Taiwan, 20       October 2005.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Value of Archaelogical Data in the Calculation of the Date of the Buddha"       at the XXXth International Buddhist Conference, Indosan Nipponji, Bodhgaya, India, 08-09       December 2005.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Impact of the New Date of the Buddha on Buddhist Studies" at the       Hawaii International Conference on Arts and Humanities, Honolulu, USA, 11-14 January 2006.   
  •  International Conference on the Heritage of Nalanda, Nalanda, India, 12-14 February 2006.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "The Buddha’s Dharma as Deep Ecology and its Relevance in the       Post-Modern World," at the Fourth Biannual International Conference on Dharma and       Abhidharma, K.J. Somaya Centre for Buddhist Studies, Mumbai, India, 6-9 March 2006.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Staying Windward and Washing Eyes with Perfumed Water: An       Examination of BrÈhma‡ical Attitude towards Untouchables in Ancient Punjab as Reflected in the       JÈtakas" as  Section President (Ancient), 38th Session, Punjab History Conference, Department of       Punjab Historical Studies, Punjabi University, Patiala, India, 18-20 March 2006.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Ancient Cities of the Punjab as Reflected in PÈli Tipi—aka," at the National       Seminar on Buddhism in Punjab: Past and Present, Guru Gobind Singh Department of Religious       Studies, Punjabi University, Patiala, India, 28-29 March 2006.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Relevance of Buddhavacana in Building a Just Society" at the 2006 Hua       Yen Symposium on Buddhism, Avata£saka Buddhist Lotus Society, Milpitas, California, USA, 5-7       May 2006.   
  •  Session chairperson, National Seminar on Concept of Equality and Justice in Buddhism organized       by the Centre for Buddhist Studies, Pune University, Pune, 10-12 March 2007.   
  •  Delivered a key-note speech on "Socially Engaged Buddhism in the Post-Modern World" at the       National Seminar on Socially Engaged Buddhism organized by the Centre for Buddhist Studies,       Punjabi University, Patiala, 31 March- 01 April 2007.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Buddhist Economics: Where People not Goods Matter" and  chaired a       session at the First International CBS Conference on Buddhism and its Social Significance for the       Asian World, Visvabharati, Santiniketan, 25-28 September 2007.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "How Elitistic was Ancient Indian Buddhism?" at the  XXXII International       Buddhist Conference, Indosan Nipponji, Bodhgaya, India, 8-9 December, 2007.   
  •  Two-day Nineteenth PadmapÈni Lecture 2007 on Concept of Pilgrimage in Buddhism jointly       organized by Tibet House and India International Centre at India International Centre, New Delhi       110004, 12-13 December 2007.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Buddhist Perspective on Pluralism and Multi-culturalism" at the  Fifth       Biannual International Conference on Unity in Diversity, K.J. Somaya Centre for Buddhist Studies,       India, Mumbai, 10-13 January 2008.   
  •  Delivered a plenary lecture entitled "Divisive Politics and the First Council" and chaired a session at       the International Seminar on Buddhist SangÏtis, Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi,       8-10 February 2008.   
  •  Delivered a plenary lecture entitled "Research Methodology in Buddhist Studies" at the Two-Day       National Seminar on Research Methodology, Department of Pali, Pune University, Pune, 24-25       March 2008.   
  •  Presented two papers entitled "Role of Buddhist Economics in Building a Just Society" and "Buddhist       Perspective on Gender Bias" at the The Fifth United Nations Day of Vesak 2008, Hanoi, Vietnam,       15-18 May 2008.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Six MahÈnagars of the Time of the Buddha: Then and Now" and chaired       the plenary session at the International Conference on the Study of the Sino-Indian Cultural       Exchange via the Silk Road, organized by Tarim University, Alar, Xinjiang, China, 1-3 September       2008.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Evaluation of the Role of Sectarianism in the Decline of Buddhism in       India" and chaired a session at the National Seminar on the Origin and Development of Buddhist       Sects, organized by Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi, India, 6-7 February       2009.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Buddhism and Consumer Economics" and chaired a session at the       International Conference on Buddhism as Peace-Maker in the Post-Modern SAARC, organized by       Foundation of SAARC Writers and Literature, India International Centre, New Delhi, India, 4-5       March 2009.   
  •  Presented three thematic lectures on "History of Indian Buddhism," "Spread of Buddhism in India,"       and "Pilgrimage in Tibet: A Case Study," at the Training Workshop for Practising Guides on       Buddhism: Indian Cultural Heritage Specialist Guide Programme, organized jointly by the       UNESCO and INTACH at Leh, Ladakh, 14-19 March 2009.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Xuanzang to Akbar: An Examination of the Decline of Buddhism in the       Kashmir Valley," at the 3-Day National Seminar on the Contribution of Kashmir to Buddhist       Thought and Religion, organized by Institute of Kashmir Studies, University of Kashmir in       collaboration with Central Institute of Buddhist Studies, Choglamsar, Leh (Ladakh),14-16       September 2009.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Tantra and Decline of Buddhism" and chaired a session at the       International Seminar on PÈli, organized by Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, New Delhi, 22-24       September 2009.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Research Methodology in Buddhist Studies" at the Ninth Conference of       the Indian Society of Buddhist Studies, held at the University of Kashmir, Srinagar, 5-7 October       2009.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "The Concept of Ecology and Eco-Culture in India" at the Second       International Conference on Asian Ecoculture, organized by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and       Tourism, Government of the Republic of Korea, Seoul, 14-17 October 2009.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Modern Society, Consumer Economics, and Buddhism" at the Third       International Lay Buddhists’ Forum, organized by the Kuching Buddhist Society, Kuching,       Sarawak, Malaysia, 18-22 December 2009.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "BhÈrukaccha, DvÈravatÏ, and SÏhapura: Three Important Cities of Gujarat as       Known in Early Indian Buddhism" at the International Seminar on Buddhist Heritage, organized by       the Department of Archaeology, M.S. University of Baroda and the Government of Gujarat,       Vadodara, 15-17 January 2010.   
  •  Chaired a session and presented a paper entitled "Initial Encounters between Buddhism and Islam in       India: An Examination of Conversions to Islam during the Eighth Century" at the Three-Day       International Seminar on Intercultural & Interreligious Dialogue Specially in Buddhism,       Hinduism and Islam: The India, Iran, Afghanistan, South East Asia & Central Context, organized       by the the Department of Persian, Gauhati University, Guwahati, Assam, 4-6 February 2010.   
  •  Chaired a session and presented a paper entitled "An Evaluation of Faxian, Xuanzang, Yijing, Hye       Ch’o, and Zhao Rugua as Sources on the Decline of Buddhism in India" at the International       Conference on Buddhism in East Asia, organized by the Department of East Asian Studies,       University of Delhi, Delhi, 12-13 February 2010.   
  •  Chaired a session and presented a paper entitled "Buddhist Response to Globalization" at the       International Seminar on Buddhism and Globalization, organized by the Department of Buddhist       Studies, University of Delhi, Delhi, 17-19 February 2010.   
  •  Chaired a session and presented a paper entitled "Initial Encounters between Buddhism and Islam in       Pakistan" at the First International Seminar on Peaceful Co-Existence in Islam and Indian       Religions, organized by the Al Mustafa International University (Iran), New Delhi, 6-7 March       2010.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Dissent and Protest in Early Indian Buddhism with Special Reference to       Devadatta" at the International Conference on Devotion and Dissent in Indian History, organized       by the Centre for Historical Studies, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New       Delhi, 11-13 March 2010.   
  •  Attended a 10-Day Training Course on Web Designing & HTML conducted by Delhi University       Computer Centre, University of Delhi, 05-16 April, 2010.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Indo-Greeks, Pu–yamitra ƒu×ga, and the Decline of Buddhism in India"       at the National Seminar on Greece beyond Greece (With Special Reference to Vedic, Greek, and       Iranian Parallels: The Cultural Triangle, jointly organized by School of Language, Literature, and       Culture Studies, (JNU), Special Centre for Sanskrit Studies (JNU), and Indian Society of Greek and       Roman Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 17-19 April, 2010.   
  •  Presented a paper entitled "Building a Buddhist Heaven in Taiwan: Cheng Yen’s Weltanschauung" at       the International Conference on Buddhist Heritage and Tradition in East Asia and South East       Asia, jointly organized by the Indian Embassy in Seoul, Indian Council of Cultural Relations and       Dongguk University, Seoul, S. Korea, 10-11 May, 2010.   
  •  Chaired a session at the Sixth Biannual International Conference on Buddhist Meditation: Texts,       Tradition, and Practices, jointly organized by K.J. Somaiya Centre for Buddhist Studies, Indian       Council for Cultural Relations, Vietnam Buddhist University, Nava Nalanda Mahavihara, Mumbai, 3-       5 September 2010.   
  •  Moderated a session at the First International Conference on Buddhist Heritage in South East       Asia, organized by the Royal Academy of Cambodia, Phnom Penh, 03-04 December 2010.   
  •  Delivered a key-note lecture entitled "Role of the Buddhist Sa£gha in Today’s Globalizing World" at       the National Conference of the Buddhist Sa£gha organized by the Preah Sihanouk Raj Buddhist       University, Phnom Penh, Cambodia on 04 January 2011.

  • Research Papers, Articles, and Book-Reviews


      1.  “Existentialism,” New Outlook, K.M. College, University of Delhi, 1983-84: 33-36.
      2.  “Buddhism and Meat-eating” New Outlook, K.M. College, University of Delhi, 1984-85: 43-45.
      3.  “Buddhism and Marxism on Liberty and Equality,” contributed at the National Conference on        Buddhism and Marxism, Sampurnananda Sanskrit University, Varanasi (Feb. 17-23, 1985) and        subsequently published under the same title in Buddhist Studies, Journal of the Department of        Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi, vol. XI, March 1987: 67-76.
      4.  “Meat-eating and Non-violence in Early Buddhism” presented at the 7th Conference of the        International Association of Buddhist Studies, Bologna, Italy (July 8-13, 1985) and later published        under the same title in Buddhist Studies, Journal of the Department of Buddhist Studies, University        of Delhi, Vol. XII, March 1988: 69-80.
      5.  “Background to the Chinese Revolution of 1911,” study material for MA History Paper-VIII, of the        School of Correspondence Courses & Continuing Education, University of Delhi, 1985.
      6.  “The Role of Nationalism in the Chinese Revolution of 1911,” study material for M.A. History        Paper-VIII, of the School of Correspondence Courses & Continuing Education, University of        Delhi, 1985.
      7.  “Origins and Development of the Revolutionary Movement in the Chinese Revolution of 1911,”        study material for M.A. History Paper-VIII, of the School of Correspondence Courses &        Continuing Education, University of Delhi, 1985.
      8.  “The Double Ten Uprising of the Chinese Revolution of 1911,” study material for M.A. History        Paper-VIII, of the School of Correspondence Courses & Continuing Education, University of        Delhi, 1985.
      9.  “Early Buddhist Attitude Towards Women,” presented at the 32nd International Congress of Asian        and North African Studies, Hamburg, W. Germany (Aug. 25-30, 1986) and subsequently published        under the same title in Aligarh Journal of Oriental Studies, Aligarh, Autumn 1986, Vol. III (2):        101-110. Its revised edition was published both in English and Chinese under the same title in        Universal Gate Buddhist Journal, Fo Guang Shan Foundation for Buddhist Culture and Education,        Taiwan, Issue 19, January 2004: 1-33, and Issue 20, March 2004: 1-27.
      10.  Who and What Originated the Earliest Buddhism?” presented at the 7th World Sanskrit Congress,         Leiden, Holland (Aug 25 - Sept 1, 1987) and published under the title Study into the origins of         Buddhism, in Indologica Taurinensia, Edizioni AIT, Torino (Italy), vols. XV-XVI, 1989-90: 305-        318.
      11.  “On the Question of Dating,” New Outlook, K.M. College, University of Delhi, 1989-90: 83-87.
      12.  “Iron, urbanization and Buddhism,” Archiv Orientalni, Oriental Institute, Praha, vol. 58, No.2,         1990: 102-124.
      13.  “Acariyaparampara and Date of the Buddha” paper presented at the VIII World Sanskrit         Conference, Vienna (Austria), Aug 27 - Sept 2, 1990. Its revised and enlarged version was         presented at the 36th International Congress of Asian and North African Studies, Montreal,         Canada, Aug. 26 - September 2, 2000 and was published under the same title in The Indian         Historical Review published by the Indian Council of Historical Research, New Delhi, vol. XXX,         nos. 1-2, January-July, 2003: 1-12.
      14.  “Travels and Travails,” New Outlook, K.M. College, University of Delhi, 1990-91: 78-88.
      15.  “Delhi as it was known to the Buddhists,” Historic Delhi, souvenir published on the occasion of         the 52nd session of the Indian History Congress, 21-23 February, 1991: 24.
      16.  “B.R. Ambedkar and His Neo-Buddhism,” New Outlook, K.M. College, University of Delhi, 1991-        92: 33-40.
      17.  “Did the Buddha Really Belong to the Sixth-Fifth Centuries BC?” in H.S. Prasad (Ed); Philosophy,         Grammar and Indology, Essays in honour of Professor Gustav Roth, Delhi: Indian Books Centre,         1992: 242-255.
      18.  “Ayodhya as it was known to the Buddhists,” New Outlook, 1992-93:12-13.
      19.   ckS) /keZ dk vk/kqfud ;qx esa egio; ;qx mn~cks/ku (Yug Udbodhan), Vol.1, No.1, January 1995: 18-19.
      20.  “Campa Mahanagara’s Contribution of the Development of Early Buddhism,” in Sushma         Kulshreshtha & Satyapal Narang (eds), Sa£sk‚ta-Sa×gita-Jagadi„vari: Jewels in Sanskrit and         Musicology: Prof Jagdish Sahai Kulshreshtha Felicitation Volume, Delhi: Eastern Book Linkers,         1995: 385-390.
      21.  “Kururattha: the Ancient Kingdom of Delhi and its Role in the Development of early Buddhism,”         paper presented at the 36th International Congress of Asian and North African Studies, Montreal,         Canada, August 26-September 2, 2000 and published with minor modifications in Buddhist Studies,         Journal of the Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi, Vol.XX, 2000: 13-28.
      22.  “Double Tragedy: A Reappraisal of the Decline of Buddhism in India” paper presented at the Indo-         Korean International Seminar on Buddhist Culture, organized by the Department of Buddhist         Studies, University of Delhi (India) and Department of Buddhist Studies, Dongguk University,         Seoul (S. Korea), 4-5 December, 2000. The revised version of this paper has since been published         under the same title in International Journal of History of Buddhist Thought, Dongguk University,         Vol. 1, No.1, February 2002: 91-101         (http://hompy.buddhapia.com/homepy/iabtc/files/Vol01_06_K.T.S.Sarao.pdf) as well as in S.R.         Bhatt (ed), Buddhist Thought and Culture in India and Korea, New Delhi: Indian Council of         Philosophical Research, 2003: 327-340. The Chinese version of this paper was also published in         Proceedings for the Symposium on Indian Religions, Art and Culture, Taipei: National Museum of         History, 2003: 61-71.
      23.  “Staying Windward and Washing Eyes with Perfumed Water: An Examination of Upper Caste         Attitude towards Candalas as Reflected in the Pali Tipitaka,” read at the National Seminar on         Buddhism and Social Ideals organized by the Department of Pali & Buddhist Studies, Banaras         Hindu University, Varanasi, 27-28 February 2001. and published with minor modifications in         Buddhist Studies, Journal of the Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi, Vol. XXX,         2006: 1-13. Its abridged version was also published as Presidential Address (Ancient Section)         entitled “Staying Windward and Washing Eyes with Perfumed Water: An Examination of         BrÈhma‡ical Attitude towards Untouchables in Ancient Punjab as Reflected in the JÈtakas,” in         Proceedings, Punjab History Conference, 38th Session, Patiala, March 18-20, 2006: 36-46.
      24.  “Buddhist Quest for Deep Ecology,” a paper read at the Indo-Korean International Seminar on         Buddhist Culture, organized by the Indian Council of Philosophical Research and Department of         Buddhist Studies, Dongguk University, Seoul (S. Korea), 5-7 December, 2001 at New Delhi and         published in Buddhist Studies, Journal of the Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi,         vol. XXI, March, 2002: 46-60 as well as in S.R. Bhatt (ed), Buddhist Thought and Culture in India         and Korea, New Delhi: Indian Council of Philosophical Research, 2003: 292-306. The Chinese         version of this paper was also published in Sangha, Buddhist Seminary of Dharma Drum Sangha         University, no. 17, February 2003: 5:22. A further revised version of this paper entitled         šBuddhist Dharma as Deep Ecology,› was published in K. Sankarnarayan, K. Mahadevan et al         (eds), Dharma and Abhidharma, Mumbai: Somaiya Publications, vol. 1, 2007: 249-263.
      25.  “Buddhism and Animal Rights,” paper presented at the 4th Chung-Hwa International Conference         on Buddhism, Taipei, RoC, 7-10 January, 2002. Its simplified version (without footnotes etc) was         published by the Buddhist News Network in their News/Features section on 22 October 2002         (www.buddhistnews.tv) and also by Daily News in its Features section, 23 October 2002;         (http://www.dailynews.lk/2002/10/23/fea08.html).
      26.  “On the Question of Peace and Harmony in the Post-Modern World: a Buddhist Approach,” a         paper read at the 4th International Conference on Peace and Harmony in World Religions, Patiala,         29-31 January 2002.The revised version of this paper under the same title was published in the         Journal of Religious Studies, vol. XXXIII, Nos. 1 & 2, Guru Gobind Singh Department of         Religious Studies, Punjabi University, Patiala, Spring-Autumn 2002: 8-20. This paper was also         published under the title “Social Harmony and World Peace in the Postmodern World: A Buddhist         Approach” in Dharam Singh (ed), Interfaith Dialogue: Different Perspectives, Patiala:         Punjabi University Publication Bureau, 2002: 152-163.
      27.  “Anatman/Anatta (No-self/Self),” Encyclopedia of Buddhism (Editor-inChief: Robert E. Buswell,         Jr.), New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2003: 18-20.
      28.  “Vasubandhu,” Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (IEP), edited by Professor Jeff Richey, 2003.         (http://www.iep.utm.edu/v/vasubandhu.htm).
      29.  “Indian Religions,” Land of Spirituality: Glimpses of Indian Civilization, Taipei: National         Museum of History, 2003: 38-54 (Chinese version) & 281-287 (English version).
      30.  “Ancient Indian Buddhism and Ahi£sa,Universal Gate Buddhist Journal, Fo Guang Shan         Foundation for Buddhist Culture and Education, Taiwan, Issue 13, January 2003: 1-40. (published         both in English and Chinese).
      31.  “Indian Buddhism,” Rhythms Monthly, September 2003: 86-89.
      32.  “The Concept of AnÈtman in Buddhism,” Buddhist Studies, Journal of the Department of         Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi, vol. XXIV, Feb 2004: 47-58.
      33.  “In Harmony With Nature,” Renuka Singh (ed), The Path of the Buddha, Delhi: Penguin Books,         2004: 157-163.
      34.  “Ajatashatru (AjÈta„atru, AjÈtasattu),” in Holy People of the World: A Cross Cultural Encyclopedia         (ed. Phillis G. Jestice), Vol. I, Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2004: 28.
      35.  “ ¶nanda,” in Ibid: 49-50.
      36.  “AnÈthapi‡Çika,” in Ibid: 50-51.
      37.  “Ashoka (A„oka),” in Ibid: 73.
      38.  “BimbisÈra,” in Ibid: 124-125.
      39.  “Buddha,” in Ibid: 143-144.
      40.  “Devadatta,” in Ibid: 228-229.
      41.  “Gautama (Gotama),” in Ibid: 294-296.
      42.  “NÈgasena,” in Ibid, Vol. II: 621.
      43. “Pasenadi,” in Ibid: 670-671.
      44.  RÈhula,” in Ibid, Vol. III: 719-720.
      45.  “Shariputra (ƒÈriputra, SÈriputta),” in Ibid: 790.
      46.  “TÈrÈ,” in Ibid: 840-841.
      47.  “Upagupta,” in Ibid: 877.
      48.  “Upaka,” in Ibid: 877-878.
      49.   “UpÈli,” in Ibid: 878.
      50.   “Vacchagotta,” in Ibid: 881.
      51.   “VimalakÏrti (Vimalakitti),” in Ibid: 894-895.
      52.   “Pali Buddhism and in-laws of the Buddha,” The Indian International Journal of Buddhist         Studies, Vol. X, No. 5, 2004: 101-118. Its revised version entitled “In-laws of the Buddha as         Depicted in Pali Sources,” was published in Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal, Chung-Hwa Institute of         Buddhist Studies, Jinshan, Taiwan, vol. 17, June 2004: 243-266.         (http://www.chibs.edu.tw/publication/chbs/10/chbs1010.htm).
      53.  “Kailash-Manasarovar Pilgrimage: The Indian Route,” a paper presented at the Teachers’         Conference of the Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies, Jinshan (Taiwan) held on 13         November 2004 and published in the proceedings of the conference.
      54.  “Freedom and Human Rights in Tibet: A Pilgrim’s Impressions,” a paper presented at the         International Symposium on Exile Tibetan Issues: Freedom, Human Rights and Democratic         Transition of Tibetans in Exile organized by the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission,         Government of Republic of China, Taipei (Taiwan) held on 30 November 2004 and published         under the same title in Collected Papers: International Symposium on Exile Tibetan Issues:         Freedom, Human Rights and Democratic Transition of Tibetans in Exile, Taipei: Mongolian and         Tibetan Affairs Commission, Government of Republic of China, 2005: 178-216.
      55.  “Ancestry of ‘Dhammacakka,’ ” Buddhist Studies, Journal of the Department of Buddhist Studies,         University of Delhi, vol. XXVI, Feb 2005: 35-39.
      56.  “Perspective of Indian Buddhism on Gender Bias,” The Journal of Religious Studies, vol. XXXVI,         Nos. 1 & 2, Guru Gobind Singh Department of Religious Studies, Punjabi University, Patiala,         Spring-Autumn 2005: 24-43.
      57.  Book-review of The Buddhist Omnibus with an Introduction ed by Mathew T. Kapstein, New         Delhi: OUP, 2004 in The Journal of Religious Studies, vol. XXXVI, Nos. 1 & 2, Guru Gobind         Singh Department of Religious Studies, Punjabi University, Patiala, Spring-Autumn 2005: 1641-66.
      58.  “On the Question of Animosity of the BrÈhma‡as and Persecution by BrÈhma‡ical Kings Leading         to the Decline of Buddhism in India,” Chung-Hwa Buddhist Studies, Chung-Hwa Institute of         Buddhist Studies, Jinshan, Taiwan, vol. 10, March 2006: 255-292.
      59.  “Flourishing and Fading: A Slice of Developmental History of Indian Buddhism ” Wang Tuancheng         (ed), Dust in the Wind: Retracing Dharma Master Xuanzang’s Western Pilgrimage, Taipei:         Rhythms Monthly, ISBN 9868141982, 9789868141988, 2006: 366-373.
      60.  “Were Islamic Attacks Responsible for the Decline of Buddhism in India?” Buddhist Studies,         Journal of the Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi, vol. XXXI, March 2007:         14-22.
      61.  “Charity in Buddhism,” in Encyclopedia of Love in World Religions (ed. Yudit K.         Greenberg), Vol. I, Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2008: 108-109.
      62.  “Soul,” Ibid, Vol. II: 587-588 .
      63.  “Did Pu–yamitra ƒu×ga Persecute the Buddhists?” Buddhist Studies, Journal of the Department of         Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi, vol. XXXII, March 2007: 31-45. Its revised version was         published as “Pu–yamitra„u×ga: Was He a Persecutor of the Buddhists?,” in GyÈnÈyanÏ, vol. 4,         2008: 256-272.
      64.  “Buddhist Perspective on Gender Bias,” in Le Manh That & Thich Nhat Tu (eds), Buddhist         Contribution to Social Justice, The United Nations Day of Vesak 2008 in Vietnam, Workshop 2,         Hanoi: Culture and Information Press, 2008: 21-32.
      65.  “Role of Buddhist Economics in Building a Just Society,” in Le Manh That & Thich Nhat Tu (eds),         Engaged Buddhism and Development, The United Nations Day of Vesak 2008 in Vietnam,         Workshop 3, Hanoi: Culture and Information Press, 2008: 145-154.
      66.  Book-review of Greater Magadha: Studies in the Culture of Early India by Johannes Bronkhorst,         Leiden, Boston: E.J. Brill, 2007 in Orientalistische Leiteraturzeitung, No. 103, Vol. 2, 2008:         250-254.
      67.  “Pu–yamitra ƒu×ga did not persecute the Buddhists,” in (forthcoming) Geoff Golson & Steven L.         Danver (eds.), Encyclopedia of Popular Controversies in World History, Santa Barbara, CA:         ABC-CLIO, 2009.
      68.  “The Buddha lived other dates,” Ibid.
      69.  “Buddhist Economics: Where People not Goods Matter,” in Andea Loseries (ed.), Buddhism and         Its Social Significance for Asian World, Santiniketan: Centre for Buddhist Studies, Visva-Bharati,         2009 (ISBN: 81-90821-25-3): 129-141.
      70.  “The Concept of Ecology and Eco-Culture in India,” The 2nd International Conference on Asian         Eco-culture, Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, Government of Republic of Korea, Seoul, 15         October, 2009: 35-52.
      71.  Following five entries have been accepted for the forthcoming Encyclopedia of Hinduism, to be         published by India Heritage Research Foundation, Columbia, USA: (a) Campa, (b) Devadaha, (c)         Koliya, (d) Malla, and (e) Urban Settlements in Ancient India. (details available at the website of the         Board of Trustees of the University of South Carolina:         http://www.eh.sc.edu/onlineaccess/search.asp).
      72.  Book-review of Understanding Our Mind by Thich Nhat Hanh, New Delhi:         HarperCollinsPublishers India, 2008 in The Book Review, No. XXXIII, Vol. 5, May 2009: 10-11.
            Pdf version of this Book-review


    Books


      1.  The Chinese Revolution of 1911: Its Origin and Nature, Delhi: Eastern India Linkers, 1985.

      2.  The Origin and Nature of Ancient Indian Buddhism, Delhi: Eastern Book Linkers, 1989. 2nd rev.        ed, Delhi: R&R Publishers, 1999 (ISBN: 81-87116-16-1); reprint, University of Delhi: Department        of Buddhist Studies, 2002 (ISBN: 81-87116-07-2); 3rd ed., New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal,        2009 (ISBN: 978-81-215-0565-15).

      3. izkphu Hkkjrh; ckS) /keZ % mRifÙk] Lo:i vkSj iru (PrÈcÏna BhÈratÏya Bauddha Dharma kÏ Utpatti,         SvarÊpa aur Patana in Hindi), Delhi University: Directorate of Hindi Medium Implementation),        2004; 2nd rev. ed., Taipei: Corporate Body of the Buddha Educational Foundation, Taipei, 2005.

      4. gqkuhB Gkosh p[ZX XowL T[dGt, ;[Gkn ns/ gsB (PrÈcÏna BhÈratÏ Buddha Dharama: Udabhava, SubhÈa ate         Patana in Punjabi), Taipei: Corporate Body of the Buddha Educational Foundation, 2005. 2nd rev.        ed., Patiala: Punjabi University, 2007 (ISBN: 81-302-0024-4).

      5.  Urban Centres and Urbanisation as Reflected in the PÈli Vinaya and Sutta Pi—akas, New Delhi:        Vidyanidhi,1990. 2nd rev. ed., Department of Buddhist Studies, Delhi University, Delhi: 2007        (ISBN: 81-86700-65-X). 3rd ed., New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal, 2009
           (ISBN: 978-81-215-1209-1).

      6.  A Text Book of the Modern History of China (edited), 2nd rev. ed, B.R. Publishers, Delhi: 1999.        Originally it was published as part of the combined volume entitled A Text Book of the Modern        History of China and Japan (edited), Delhi: Guild Publishers, 1994 (ISBN: 81-85293-00-0).

      7. vkèkqfud phu dk bfrgkl(1840-1949) (¶dhunika CÏna kÈ ItihÈsa in Hindi), (edited), Delhi: Guild        Publishers, 1994; 2nd rev. ed., Delhi: R&R, 1999 (ISBN: 81-85923-01-9); 3rd ed., Delhi University:        Directorate of Hindi Medium Implementation, 2009 (ISBN: 9-789380-172026).

      8.  A Text Book of the Modern History of Japan (edited), 2nd rev. ed, B.R. Publishers, Delhi: 1999.        Originally it was published as part of the combined volume entitled A Text Book of the Modern        History of China and Japan (edited), Delhi: Guild Publishers, 1994 (ISBN: 81-85293-00-0).

      9. vkèkqfud tkiku dk bfrgkl (¶dhunika JÈpÈna kÈ ItihÈsa in Hindi), Delhi: Guild Publishers, 1994; 2nd        rev.ed., Delhi: R&R, 1999 (ISBN: 81-85923-01-7); 3rd ed, Delhi University: Directorate of Hindi        Medium Implementation, 2007.

      10.  A Text Book of the History of TheravÈda Buddhism (co-edited with Dr A.K. Singh), Delhi:        Department of Buddhist Studies, Delhi University, 1995 (ISBN: 81-85923-01-10). 2nd rev. ed.        Department of Buddhist Studies, Delhi University, Delhi: 2007 (ISBN: 8186700-66-8).

      11.  Pilgrimage to Kailash: The Indian Route, Delhi: Aryan Books International, 2009
            (ISBN: 978-81-7305-368-9).

      12.  The Dhammapada: A Translator’s Guide, New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal, 2009
            (ISBN: 978-81-215-1201-5).


      Books Under Publication

       The Decline of Indian Buddhism: A Fresh Perspective.



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