**||Nothing is
equivalent to knowledge ||**

**M.Sc. Physical
Chemistry**

__Advanced Electrochemistry (4302)__

Prerequisite: Good knowledge of Mathematics and

*Kinetics of Electrochemical Reactions*

* Electrode Kinetics*: Overpotentials,
Exchange current density, Derivation of Butler-Volmer
equation and its implications, Tafel plot, Multistep
electrode reactions, Determination of multistep electrode reactions, Mass
transfer by diffusion.

__Quantum Aspects__*:* Charge transfer at
electrode-solution interfaces, Quantization of charge transfer, Tunneling.

* Semiconductor
Interfaces*:
Structure of double layer at semiconductor-solution interface, Effect of light
at semiconductor-solution interface.

*Relaxation Methods-Theory and Techniques*

* Electrochemical
Methods*:
Controlled potential and current techniques, Hydrodynamic techniques, Electrochemical instrumentations, Scanning probe techniques.

*Adsorption and Electric Double Layer*

Thermodynamics of the double layer, Electrocapillary phenomena; Adsorption – Ionic and organic
molecules, Adsorption isotherms- Langmuir, Frumkin, Temkin; Experimental evaluation of surface excesses and
Electrical parameters, Structure of electrified Interfaces - Gouy-Chapman, Stern, Graham-Devanathan-Mottwatts, Tobin, Bockris, Devanathan models.

*Electrocrystallization*

Electrogrowth of metals on
electrode - Nucleation, Growth, Surface diffusion, Underpotential
deposition, Varity of shapes formed in Electrodeposition

*Bioelectrochemistry*

Membrane potentials, Nernst-Planck
equation, Hodgkin-Huxley equations, Core Conductor model, Electrocardiography

*Applied Electrochemistry*

*Corrosion*: Introduction to
corrosion, Forms of corrosion, Corrosion monitoring and prevention methods.

*Conversion and
Storage of Electrochemical Energy*: Fuel cells and batteries.

*Electrocatalysis*: Influence of
various parameters, Hydrogen electrode.

**Suggested **

(1.) Bard &.
Faulkner, Electrochemical Methods: Fundamentals and Applications, Second Edition

(2.) Brett &
Brett, Electrochemistry: Principles, Methods and Applications, 1993

(3.) L.I. Antropov, Theoretical Electrochemistry,

(4.) Bockris & Reddy, Modern Electrochemistry. Vol. I, 2A, 2B

(4.) ^{nd} Edition 2006.

(4.) V. S. Bagotsky, Fundamental of Electrochemistry, 2^{nd}
Ed.

(7.)
C. H. Hamann, A. Hamnett
& W. Vielstich, Electrochemistry 2^{nd}
Ed.

Assignments

(II) Irreversible Thermodynamics and Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics:

Irreversible thermodynamics:

Prerequisite: Good knowledge of
Mathematics and

Meaning
and scope of irreversible thermodynamics, Thermodynamic criteria for
non-equilibrium states, Phenomenological laws- Linear laws, Gibbs equation,
Onsager’s reciprocal relations, Entropy production- specific examples of
entropy production, Non-equilibrium stationary states, Prigogine’s principle of
maximum entropy production, Coupled phenomena. Some important
applications.

Assignments

Transport
phenomena:

Diffusion
coefficients, Fick’s first and second laws, relation
between flux and viscosity, Relation between diffusion coefficient and mean free
path, Relation between thermal conductivity/viscosity and mean free path of a
perfect gas, Einstein relation, Nernst-Einstein equation, Stokes-Einstein
equation, Einstein-Smoluchowski equation.

Assignments

(III)
Applications of Statistical Mechanics:

Prerequisite: Good knowledge of Mathematics and

Theories of Polymers Size and Molecular Weight Distributions:

Configuration of
Polymer Chains: Statistical Distribution of End-to End Dimensions - Freely Jointed Chain in
One Dimension, Freely Jointed Chain in Three Dimensions, The
Distribution at High Extensions, Influence of Bond Angle Restrictions, Average
end-to-end distance, Radius of gyrations and its relation to end-to-end distance. Conformational
Entropy in Random Coil Model, Dilute Polymer Solutions - Theta state of polymers.

Concepts on number average and mass average molecular
weights. Methods
of determining molecular weights
- Osmometry, Viscometry, Sedimentation equilibrium methods.

Suggested

(1.) Paul J.
Flory, Principles of Polymer Chemistry, (2.) Atkins’

Assignments

Theories of Electrolyte Solutions:

Ionic activity and activity coefficients, Physical significance of
activity coefficients, mean activity coefficient of an electrolyte and its
determination.

Distribution of ions
in solution according to Arrhenius and Ghosh Model,
The Debye-Hückel model of electrolytic solutions,
Calculation of the energy of ionic interaction and activity coefficients,
further development of the Debye-Hückel theory i.e.
finite ionic size correction. Excess functions.

Suggested

(1.) L.I. Antropov, Theoretical Electrochemistry, (2.) Bockris &
Reddy, Modern Electrochemistry.

Assignments

Theories of Homogeneous Chemical Reaction Rates:*
*

__Reactions in Gaseous
State__**:** The Kinetic Theory of Collisions. Potential
energy surfaces (basic idea).
Transition state theory (both thermodynamic and statistical mechanics formulations).
Theory of unimolecular reactions, Lindemann mechanism, Hinshelwood treatment.

** Reactions in Solution**:

Suggested

(1.)
K. J. Laidler,
Chemical Kinetics; (2.)
A. A. Frost & R. G. Pearson, Kinetics and Mechanism; (3.) Atkins’
Physical Chemistry.

Assignments

**Ph.D. Course**

**Contemporary Electrochemistry**

"**Knowledge is Eternal**"